Correlation Preterm Infants Gestational Age and Birth Weight at one Medical Center at Banyumas Regency Indonesia

Keywords: birth weight, gestational age, Indonesia, preterm infants


Introduction: Preterm infants commonly experience with low birth weight. Identifying preterm infants’ gestational age and birth weight is pivotal to prevent intra uterine growth retardation and prevent case of LBW infants. Aims: To clarify the correlation between preterm infants’ gestational age and birth weight. Methods: An observational study involving a convenience samples of 46 preterm infants who were born less than 37 weeks gestation were taken from level 1, 2, and 3 neonatal care at one medical center at Banyumas Regency, Indonesia. Data were retrieved from infants’ medical record using a self-designed collection data sheet. Data were analyzed using univariate, Shapiro Wilk, and Spearman Rank test. Result: The preterm infants gestation age had moderate positive correlation with birthweight (r=.490, p= 0.01, n=46). Conclusion: Increasing the maturity of preterm infants’ gestation will effect on the increased of birth weight. It means that health care professional should give health education to mothers to reduce the high risk for preterm infants’ delivery and reduce the risk of LBW infants

Author Biography

Haryatiningsih Purwandari, Jenderal Soedirman University

I am Haryati and interested in mothers and preterm infants' study, high-risk infants' study, and growth and developmental's study. I am glad to build networking with other researchers around to world to advanced research in neonatal care.


Ball, J. W., Bindler, R. M., Cowen, K. J., & Shaw, M. R. (2012). Principles of pediatric nursing: Caring for children: Pearson Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Blencowe, H., Cousens, S., Chou, D., Oestergaard, M., Say, L., Moller, A.-B., . . . Lawn, J. (2013). Born too soon: the global epidemiology of 15 million preterm births. Reproductive health, 10(1), 1-14.
Blencowe, H., Cousens, S., Oestergaard, M. Z., Chou, D., Moller, A.-B., Narwal, R., . . . Say, L. (2012). National, regional, and worldwide estimates of preterm birth rates in the year 2010 with time trends since 1990 for selected countries: A systematic analysis and implications. The Lancet, 379(9832), 2162-2172.
Celik, I. H., Demirel, G., Canpolat, F. E., & Dilmen, U. (2013). A common problem for neonatal intensive care units: Late preterm infants, a prospective study with term controls in a large perinatal center. The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 26(5), 459-462.
Fenton, T. R., Nasser, R., Eliasziw, M., Kim, J. H., Bilan, D., & Sauve, R. (2013). Validating the weight gain of preterm infants between the reference growth curve of the fetus and the term infant. BMC pediatrics, 13(1), 1-10.
Hockenberry, M. J., & Wilson, D. (2018). Wong's nursing care of infants and children-E-book: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Karnati, S., Kollikonda, S., & Abu-Shaweesh, J. (2020). Late preterm infants–Changing trends and continuing challenges. International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 7(1), 38-46.
KC, A., Basel, P. L., & Singh, S. (2020). Low birth weight and its associated risk factors: Health facility-based case-control study. PloS one, 15(6), e0234907.
Ministry of Health Republic Indonesia. (2019). Health profile in Indonesia year 2019. Jakarta: Retrieved from
Pardi, G., & Cetin, I. (2006). Human fetal growth and organ development: 50 years of discoveries. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 194(4), 1088-1099.
Purwandari, H., & Huang, M.-C. (2020). Short-term Outcomes of Preterm Infants in a Medical Center at Banyumas Regency, Indonesia: A Preliminary Study. Babali Nursing Research, 1(2), 47-57.
Purwandari, H., Mulyono, W. A., & Suryanto. (2014). Perkembangan Balita: Deteksi dini dan tumbuh kembang balita (Vol. 1). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar
Rasmussen, K. M., & Yaktine, A. L. (2009). Composition and components of gestational weight gain: physiology and metabolism Weight Gain during pregnancy: reexamining the guidelines: National Academies Press (US).
Schieve, L. A., Tian, L. H., Rankin, K., Kogan, M. D., Yeargin-Allsopp, M., Visser, S., & Rosenberg, D. (2016). Population impact of preterm birth and low birth weight on developmental disabilities in US children. Annals of epidemiology, 26(4), 267-274.
Stark, A. R., Adamkin, D. H., Batton, D. G., Bell, E. F., Bhutani, V. K., Denson, S. E., . . . Watterberg, K. L. (2008). Hospital discharge of the high-risk neonate committee on fetus and newborn. Pediatrics, 122(5), 1119-1126.
How to Cite
Purwandari, H., & Mulyono, W. A. (2022). Correlation Preterm Infants Gestational Age and Birth Weight at one Medical Center at Banyumas Regency Indonesia. Journal of Bionursing, 4(1), 19-23.